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The talk presented here represents a summary of more than ten years of Iron Age field research in the biblical region of Edom in Southern Jordan. Edom Lowlands Regional Archaeology Project (ELRAP) focuses on studying the role of technology on the evolution of societies in Jordan's copper ore-rich Faynan region. The lens for this study is ancient mining and metallurgy. The interdisciplinary approach of ELRAP has led to new discoveries concerning the rise of social complexity in the southern Levant based on rigorous control of time ( through the application of high-precision radiocarbon dating) and space ( the cultural change through precise recording of geospatial data). This was achieved by using the Iron Age excavations in Faynan as a test bed for developing cyber-archaeology, which represents the integration of archaeology, physical science, computer science, and engineering. For the Iron Age, the excavations at the large copper production site of Khirbet en-Nahas provide the archaeological anchor for understanding the new social and technological developments that took root in the lowlands Edom.
This lecture discusses glass objects of the little known Iron Age period in Mesopotamia and its bordering regions and contributes to the history of glass by bridging the gap between the Late Bronze Age and the Hellenistic periods, both of which periods have been relatively well studied. The paper discusses the relevant objects, not only with regard to typology and chronology, but also with regard to their manufacturing technique and by including archaeometrical and philological data. Workshop equipment, the amount of required fuel, and the organisation of these workshops will also be tackled. In this regard, the study of contemporary cuneiform sources are shown to yield valuable insights, as tools and furnace types are mentioned in these texts.
The archaeological site of Tell Damiyah is situated in the Zor, south of the confluence of the Zerqa and the Jordan River. It consists of two parts, the upper tell and the lower terrace. Especially the upper tell has a strategic position and commands today the Prince Muhammad (General Allenby) Bridge over the Jordan River. In addition, the site dominates the N-S road through the Jordan Valley and the E-W road connecting ancient Ammon with Wadi Far´ah. Furthermore, the area in which the site is situated is very fertile. The excavations revealed archaeological data ranging from the Iron Age II period (8th - 7th century BCE) to the Ottoman period. In addition to an Iron Age II temple building, storage pits, ovens, a cache of animal and human figurines, inscribed objects, pottery and jewelery were discovered.
B. Porter (ACOR), K. Bartl (DAI) and K. Schmidt (DEI Amman) also attended the lecture.